Japan-Texas Economic Summit

May 7-9, 2018
Marriott Marquis Houston
1777 Walker Street
Houston, TX 77010

 

 

 

Overview

USJC hosted Japan-Texas Economic Summit in Houston, Texas from May 7 to 9, 2018. Following the highly successful Japan-Hawaii Economic Summit in 2017, the Japan-Texas Economic Summit brought together business leaders, investors, state and local officials, and economic development organizations from across the Lone Star State and Japan. 

Texas is a leading destination for foreign direct investment from Japan, and we welcomed government and business representatives from the Government of Japan and prefectures throughout the country to explore further opportunities to strengthen the relationship between Japan and the state of Texas. The Summit featured keynote addresses from prominent leaders from both countries, showcased Texas cities and their economic development opportunities, and focused on topics of importance to the Japan-Texas relationship such as industry innovation, workforce development, energy, medicine, manufacturing, transportation, finance, national security and more.

The Summit was a momentous step forward in the Japan-Texas economic partnership!

 

Summary

 

JTESPhoto1_small.jpg
(L-R) Donna Cole, USJC Board Member and Summit Chair; Hideaki Ohmura, Governor of Aichi Prefecture; Irene Hirano Inouye, USJC President; and Henry Cisneros, Founder & Chairman, CityView, Former HUD Secretary and Former Mayor of San Antonio, TX

 

From May 7 to 9, more than 400 leaders from throughout the United States and Japan convened in Houston for the Japan-Texas Economic Summit (JTES). USJC hosted the Summit in collaboration with close to 50 cities and organizations. Issues discussed during the Summit included ongoing trade and investment; opportunities for further collaboration; sister city ties; and people-to-people exchanges.

The Summit featured keynote addresses from Bruce Culpepper (President, Shell Oil Company), Shigeru Hayakawa (Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors, Toyota Motor Corporation and Vice Chair, Keidanren), Shigeki Maeda (Executive Vice President, Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)), Hideaki Ohmura (Governor, Aichi Prefecture, Japan) and Secretary Rolando Pablos (Texas Secretary of State). They shared how the approximately 400 Japanese companies in Texas are creating 50,000 jobs; how Texas is the top state whose market Japanese companies think will continue to expand; and how Japanese companies in Texas and vice versa leads to exchange programs between American and Japanese students and professionals.

Secretary Pablos said that he is "honored that Texas is home to one of the first U.S.-Japan Council regional summits, which underscores the importance of Japan's partnership with the Lone Star State, as well as the enormous potential for growth we see today and in the years ahead."

 

JTESPhoto2_small.jpg
Texas Secretary of State Rolando Pablos addresses the audience

 

Other speakers included Mitsuru Claire Chino (President & CEO, ITOCHU International Inc.); Henry Cisneros (Founder & Chairman, CityView, Former HUD Secretary and Former Mayor of San Antonio, TX); U.S. Ambassador to Japan William Hagerty, who spoke in a video message; Ambassador Tom Schieffer (Former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, and President and CEO of Envoy International); and Japanese Ambassador Shinsuke J. Sugiyama, who traveled from Washington, DC.

Panel discussions explored the many aspects of Texas-Japan relations, including security and defense; energy; healthcare; workforce development; technological innovation; food and beverage; and people-to-people exchanges, including USJC’s Japanese American Leadership Delegation Program and TOMODACHI Initiative. Business professionals from diverse industries also gave short presentations about the latest developments in Texas and how they strengthen the bonds between the United States and Japan.

 

JTESPhoto3_small_crop.jpg
(L-R) Ambassador Tom Schieffer; David Sutton, President of Kubota Credit Corporation and Kubota Insurance; Ms. Chino of ITOCHU International; Takeshi Ebisu, President and CEO of Goodman Global Group, Inc.

 

The summit also included a unique session of 15 speakers, each representing various regions across Texas, as well as sister cities in Japan. Mayors and other officials shared the strengths of their cities, which included metropolises like Dallas and Houston, cities with close Japanese ties like Plano (which recently welcomed Toyota Motor North America’s new headquarters), cities with distinct characteristics like El Paso (which borders Mexico and boasts a large bilingual, bicultural workforce), and Japanese locales Kumamoto City (sister city to San Antonio), Chiba City (sister city to Houston) and Oita City (sister city to Austin). Following the session, many of the regions further presented their charms with booths, regional delicacies and music.

 

Print Program

To see the print program of the Summit, which includes the bios of speakers, click here. Further bios are also on the insert, available here.

 

Photos

Click here to see more photos from the Summit.

 

In Collaboration With 

  • Aichi Prefectural Government
  • Asia Society Texas Center
  • Asian Chamber of Commerce (Houston)
  • Borderplex Alliance
  • City of Austin
  • City of Chiba
  • City of Dallas
  • City of El Paso
  • City of Houston
  • City of McAllen
  • City of Plano
  • City of San Antonio
  • Consulate-General of Japan in Houston
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Minority Supplier Development Council
  • Dallas Japanese Association
  • Embassy of Japan in the United States of America
  • Free Trade Alliance San Antonio
  • The Golden Triangle Minority Business Council
  • Greater Austin Asian Chamber of Commerce
  • Greater Houston Partnership
  • Hamada Smith
  • Harvard University Club of Houston
  • Houston East End Chamber of Commerce
  • Houston First
  • Houston Minority Supplier Development Council
  • JACL Texas
  • Japan-America Society of Dallas/Fort Worth
  • Japan-America Society of Greater Austin
  • Japan-America Society of Houston
  • Japan-America Society of San Antonio
  • Japan Business Association of Houston
  • Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)
  • McAllen Economic Development Corporation
  • Opera in the Heights
  • Orange County Economic Development Corporation
  • Pearland Economic Development Corporation
  • Rockport-Fulton Chamber of Commerce
  • San Antonio Economic Development Foundation
  • San Antonio Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
  • Sister Cities Houston
  • Southeast Texas Economic Development Foundation - REDI
  • State of Texas
  • Texas Association of Business
  • Texas Forest Country Partnership
  • Texas International Education Consortium 
  • Texas Japan Office
  • Women's Business Enterprise Alliance
  • World Affairs Council of Greater Houston

 

Speakers

Highlighted Speakers


Chino__Claire_photo_225x300.jpg   Cisneros__Henry_photo_225x300(2).jpg   Culpepper__Bruce_photo_225x300.jpg   Ebisu__Takeshi_photo_225x300.jpg
Mitsuru Claire
Chino
  Henry Cisneros   Bruce Culpepper   Takeshi Ebisu
President & CEO,
ITOCHU
International Inc.
  Founder &
Chairman,
CityView; Former
HUD Secretary &
Mayor of San
Antonio
  President,
Shell Oil
Company
  President and CEO,
Goodman Global
Group, Inc.
 
Shigeru_Hayakawa_photo.jpg   Maeda__Shigeki_photo_225x300.jpg   Hideaki_Ohmura_photo_225x300.jpg   Rolando_Pablos_photo.jpg
Shigeru
Hayakawa
  Shigeki Maeda    Hideaki Ohmura   Rolando B. Pablos


Vice Chairman
of the Board of
Directors,
Toyota Motor
Corporation;
Vice Chair,
Keidanren

 


Executive Vice
President,
Japan External
Trade Organization
(JETRO)

 


Governor,
Aichi Prefecture,
Japan

 


Texas Secretary
of State

 
Rolando_Pablos_photo.jpg   Amb_Schieffer_225x300.jpg   Tison__Rona_photo_225x300.jpg   Turner__Sylvester_photo_225x300.jpg
Tom Schieffer    Shinsuke
Sugiyama
  Rona Tison   Sylvester Turner


Former U.S. 
Ambassador to 
Japan

 


Ambassador
Extraordinary and
Plenipotentiary of
Japan to the
United States of
America

 


EVP - Corporate
Relations & PR, ITO
EN 
(North America)
INC.

 


Mayor of 

Houston, TX

 

Other Speakers Included

  • Susan Kwok Annoura, Owner/ Real Estate Broker, Annoura Realty Group LLC
  • Kei Ashizawa, Attorney at Law, Kei Law
  • Marina Bhargava, President and CEO, Greater Austin Asian Chamber of Commerce
  • David F. Bonner, Vice President of Operations, Stematix, Inc.
  • David M. Boone, President, APTIM Federal Services
  • Barrett S. Caldwell, Professor, Purdue University & Jefferson Science Fellow, U.S. Department of State
  • Phyllis Campbell, Chairman, Pacific Northwest Region, JPMorgan Chase & Co.
  • William Cannon, Senior Vice President and General Manager, Infrastructure Group, Sumitomo Corporation of Americas
  • Donna F. Cole, President & CEO, Cole Chemical & Distributing, Inc.
  • Jim Darling, Mayor of McAllen, TX
  • Steven J. Frank, Professor, Radiation Oncology, Deputy Division Head and Medical Director of Proton Therapy Center, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
  • William F. “Bill” Hagerty IV, U.S. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan (video message)
  • Erik Halvorsen, Director, Texas Medical Center Innovation Institute
  • Ron Harman, Principal and Future of Work Leader, Deloitte Consulting LLP
  • Beverly L. Hatcher, President, Golden Triangle Minority Business Council (GTMBC), Inc.
  • H. Peter Hofstee, Senior Researcher, IBM Austin Research Laboratory
  • Andrew F. Icken, Chief Development Officer, Mayor’s Office of Economic Development, City of Houston, TX
  • Akihiko Imanishi, Senior Vice President, Miller Milling Company LLC
  • Irene Hirano Inouye, President, U.S.-Japan Council
  • Ryuji Iwasaki, Acting Consul General of Japan in Houston
  • Shunichi Kamiya, Deputy Mayor of Chiba City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
  • Tim B. Keith, President, Texas Central
  • Lisa M. Kitagawa, Esq., KITAGAWA & EBERT BUSINESS LAWYERS
  • Eiji Kobayashi, Partner, Corporate Department, Paul Hastings LLP (Tokyo)
  • Natsumi Komatsu, Alumna, TOMODACHI Sumitomo Corporation Scholarship Program & TOMODACHI-STEM @ Rice University for Female Students Program
  • Sachi Koto, Founder, Sachi Koto Communications
  • Toshiro Kudama, Senior Executive Vice President, JERA Co., Inc. & Chief Executive Officer, JERA Americas Inc.
  • Harry LaRosiliere, Mayor of Plano, TX
  • Joel Malone, Senior Manager for Japan F-35 Business Development, Lockheed Martin
  • Dee Margo, Mayor of El Paso, TX
  • Kenichi Mishima, Director of Tourism and Exchange Department, Kumamoto City, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
  • Arielle Montgomery, Senior Finance Advisor, Shell Oil Company
  • Marc Mori, Director, NuanceBlue, LLC
  • Ron Nirenberg, Mayor of San Antonio, TX
  • Diane Probst, President/CEO, Rockport-Fulton Chamber of Commerce
  • Varun Rai, Associate Dean for Research & Associate Professor, LBJ School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin
  • Kevin Ready, General Manager, CoStar Group
  • Jim Rich, Executive Director, Southeast Texas Economic Development Foundation – REDI
  • Peter Sakai, Judge, 225th District Court, Bexar County
  • Kiichiro Sato, Mayor of Oita City, Oita Prefecture, Japan
  • Ed Shaw, Special Agent, FBI (retired)
  • Dan Stanzione, Executive Director, Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), The University of Texas at Austin
  • Jennifer Staubach Gates, Council Member, City of Dallas, TX
  • Bonnie Stephenson, Mayor of Rose City, TX
  • William L. (Bill) Strang, President of Operations and eCommerce, TOTO USA
  • Shinsuke J. Sugiyama, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan to the United States of America
  • David Sutton, President, Kubota Credit Corporation and Kubota Insurance
  • Shinsuke Takahashi, Chairman of the Board & Head of Government Relations, NEC Corporation of America
  • Lynne D. Taschner, Energy Advisor, Corporate Strategic Planning, Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • Dennis Y. Teranishi, President & CEO, Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR)
  • Bill Tracewell, CEO, The Delta Companies
  • Motoko Uchitomi (Mizuno), Manager, Aviation Industrial Collaboration and Coordination Division, Management and Integration Department, Aeronautical Technology Directorate, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
  • Kenshiro Uki, Vice President of Operations, Sun Noodle North America
  • Nancy C. Windham, President & CEO, Texas Forest Country Partnership
  • Gene Wu, State Representative, 137th District, Texas House of Representatives

 

Conference Schedule 

Monday, May 7   (Please note that there will be simultaneous interpretation available
during all plenary sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday)
     
12:00pm-onward   Conference Registration
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Prefunction Area
     
6:00pm-8:00pm   Welcome Reception
River Oaks (Level 3)

Hosted by the State of Texas. Visiting officials and
prefectural delegations from Japan will be honored.
  • Donna F. Cole, President & CEO, Cole Chemical &
    Distributing, Inc. (chair)
  • Phyllis Campbell, Chairman, Pacific Northwest Region,
    JPMorgan Chase & Co.
  • Andrew F. Icken, Chief Development Officer, Mayor’s Office of
    Economic Development, City of Houston, TX
  • Ryuji Iwasaki, Acting Consul General of Japan in Houston
  • Henry Cisneros, Founder & Chairman, CityView &
    Chairman of the Executive Committee & Principal,
    Siebert Cisneros Shank & Co., L.L.C.
  • Rolando B. Pablos, Texas Secretary of State
  • Irene Hirano Inouye, President, U.S.-Japan Council
     
7:30pm-onward   Sponsors Dinner (by invitation only)
Offsite Location: Greater Houston Partnership

A private dinner for sponsors and VIP dignitaries. 
     
Tuesday, May 8    
     
7:30am-9:00am   Breakfast
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salon D
     
9:00am-10:30am   Morning Plenary Session
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons ABC

Welcome, Special Remarks & Keynote Addresses
  • Sachi Koto, Founder, Sachi Koto Communications (emcee)
  • Shinsuke J. Sugiyama, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Japan
    to the United States of America
  • Shigeki Maeda, Executive Vice President, Japan External
    Trade Organization, (JETRO)
  • Bruce Culpepper, President, Shell Oil Company

Plenary Panel Discussion - Open for Business: Opportunities
for Japanese Companies in Texas

  • J. Thomas Schieffer, President & CEO, Envoy International
    LLC; Former U.S. Ambassador to Japan (moderator)
  • Mitsuru Claire Chino, Managing Executive Officer, ITOCHU
    Corporation & President and CEO, ITOCHU International Inc.
  • Takeshi Ebisu, President and CEO, Goodman Global Group,
    Inc.
  • David Sutton, President, Kubota Credit Corporation and
    Kubota Insurance
     
10:30am-11:00am   Break
     
11:00am-12:15pm   Breakout Sessions (4 concurrent panel discussions)
Meyerland, Briargrove, Kingwood, Montrose Rooms (Level 3)

Security & Defense: National Security in the United States and
Japan
  • David M. Boone, President, APTIM Federal Services
    (moderator)
  • Joel Malone, Senior Manager for Japan F-35 Business Development,
    Lockheed Martin
  • Marc Mori, Director, NuanceBlue, LLC
  • Ed Shaw, Special Agent, FBI (retired)

Energy & Environment: Japan and Texas Today, Advances and
Opportunities in the Future (Meyerland)

  • Varun Rai, Associate Dean for Research & Associate
    Professor, LBJ School of Public Affairs, The University of
    Texas at Austin (moderator)
  • William Cannon, Senior Vice President and General Manager,
    Infrastructure Group, Sumitomo Corporation
    of Americas
  • Toshiro Kudama, Senior Executive Vice President, JERA Co.,
    Inc. & Chief Executive Officer, JERA Americas Inc.
  • Lynne D. Taschner, Energy Advisor, Corporate Strategic
    Planning, Exxon Mobil Corporation

Healthcare & Medical: Medical Innovation Hubs Solving U.S.-Japan
Health Issues (Briargrove)

  • Eiji Kobayashi, Partner, Corporate Department, Paul Hastings LLP (Tokyo)
    (moderator)
  • Steven J. Frank, Professor, Radiation Oncology, Deputy Division Head and
    Medical Director of Proton Therapy Center,
    The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
  • Erik Halvorsen, Director, Texas Medical Center Innovation Institute
  • Bill Tracewell, CEO, The Delta Companies

Education & Workforce Development: Texas-Japan Partnerships
Preparing the Workforce of the Future (Kingwood)

  • Ron Harman, Principal and Future of Work Leader, Deloitte Consulting LLP (moderator)
  • Barrett S. Caldwell, Professor, Purdue University & Jefferson Science Fellow,
    U.S. Department of State
  • Romanita Matta-Barrera, Executive Director, SA Works
  • Motoko Uchitomi (Mizuno), Manager, Aviation Industrial Collaboration
    and Coordination Division, Management and Integration Department,
    Aeronautical Technology Directorate, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
     
12:15pm-12:30pm   Break
     
12:30pm-2:15pm  

Luncheon Plenary Session
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons ABC

Special Remarks & Keynote Addresses

  • Rolando B. Pablos, Texas Secretary of State
  • William F. “Bill” Hagerty IV, U.S. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan
    (video message)
  • Hideaki Ohmura, Governor of Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • Shigeru Hayakawa, Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors, 
    Toyota Motor Corporation; Vice Chair, Keidanren; Chair, Committee on U.S. Affairs,
    Keidanren
     
2:15pm-2:30pm   Break
     
2:30pm-3:30pm   Plenary Insight Talks (5 total speakers)
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons ABC
  • Susan Kwok Annoura, Owner/ Real Estate Broker, Annoura Realty Group LLC
  • David F. Bonner, Vice President of Operations, Stematix, Inc.
  • Tim B. Keith, President, Texas Central
  • Lisa M. Kitagawa, Esq., KITAGAWA & EBERT BUSINESS LAWYERS
  • William L. (Bill) Strang, President of Operations and
    eCommerce, TOTO USA
     
3:30pm-3:45pm   Break
     
3:45pm-4:45pm   Plenary Panel Discussion 
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons ABC

Plenary Panel Discussion - Texas-Japan Technology Innovation:
Crossing Borders to Create the Future
  • Kevin Ready, General Manager, CoStar Group (moderator)
  • H. Peter Hofstee, Senior Researcher, IBM Austin Research Laboratory
  • Dan Stanzione, Executive Director, Texas Advanced
    Computing Center (TACC), The University of Texas in Austin
  • Shinsuke Takahashi, Chairman of the Board & Head of
    Government Relations, NEC Corporation of America
     
4:45pm-5:00pm   Break
     
5:00pm-6:00pm   Regional Economic Development Presentations
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons ABC

Economic development presentations and
previews of hospitality suites

Speakers
  • Harry LaRosiliere, Mayor of Plano, TX
  • Jim Darling, Mayor of McAllen, TX
  • Kiichiro Sato, Mayor of Oita City, Oita Prefecture, Japan
  • Beverly L. Hatcher, President, Golden Triangle Minority Business Council (GTMBC), Inc.
  • Bonnie Stephenson, Mayor of Rose City, TX
  • Ron Nirenberg, Mayor of San Antonio, TX
  • Dee Margo, Mayor of El Paso, TX
  • Jennifer Staubach Gates, Council Member, City of Dallas, TX
  • Shunichi Kamiya, Deputy Mayor of Chiba City, Chiba
    Prefecture, Japan
  • Kenichi Mishima, Director of Tourism and Exchange Department,
    Kumamoto City, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
  • Nancy C. Windham, President & CEO, Texas Forest Country
    Partnership
  • Diane Probst, President/CEO, Rockport-Fulton Chamber of
    Commerce
  • Marina Bhargava, President and CEO,
    Greater Austin Asian Chamber of Commerce
  • Jim Rich, Executive Director, Southeast Texas Economic
    Development Foundation – REDI
  • Andrew F. Icken, Chief Development Officer, Mayor’s Office of
    Economic Development, City of Houston, TX
     
6:00pm-10:00pm   Regional Hospitality Rooms
Meyerland A & B; Briargrove A & B; Kingwood A & B;
River Oaks A, B & C, Montrose A & B (Level 3)

Attendees are welcome to visit each of these rooms hosted by cities
across the State of Texas and sometimes including their sister cities in Japan.
Food and beverage will be provided, and there will be door prize drawings for 
attendees who fill up their “passport” booklet by visiting each room.
  • Austin, TX
  • Dallas, TX
  • El Paso, TX + The Borderplex Alliance
  • Golden Triangle (Beaumont, Port Arthur, Orange) + Rockport-Fulton Area, TX
  • Houston, TX + Chiba City, Japan + Greater Houston Partnership
    + Visit Houston
  • McAllen, TX
  • San Antonio, TX
  • Southeast Texas Economic Development Foundation - REDI
  • State of Texas + Aichi Prefectural Government Japan
    + Texas Forest Country Partnership
     
Wednesday, May 9    
     
7:30am-9:00am   Breakfast & Business Networking (Subject Matter Expert &
Regional Economic Development Council Tables)
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salon C

Table Industry Topics
  • Attorney, Lobbying, Law, Immigration & Regulations
  • Business Consulting & Matchmaking
  • Business Logistics & Services
  • CPA, Tax & Accounting
  • Finance & Banking
  • Human Resources
  • Insurance
  • Real Estate, Leasing & Investments
     
9:00am-10:15am   Morning Plenary Session
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons AB

Special Remarks
  • Sachi Koto, Founder, Sachi Koto Communications (emcee)

Plenary Panel Discussion - Japan-Texas Culinary Exchanges

  • Dennis Y. Teranishi, President & CEO, Pacific International Center
    for High Technology Research (PICHTR) (moderator)
  • Akihiko Imanishi, Senior Vice President, Miller Milling
    Company LLC
  • Rona Tison, Executive Vice President - Corporate Relations
    & PR, ITO EN (North America) INC.
  • Kenshiro Uki, Vice President of Operations, Sun Noodle North America
     
10:15am-10:45am   Break
     
10:45am-12:00pm   Closing Plenary Session
Texan Ballroom (Level 4) - Salons AB

USJC Building the Future
  • Kei Ashizawa, Attorney at Law, Kei Law (moderator)
  • Natsumi Komatsu, Alumna, TOMODACHI Sumitomo
    Corporation Scholarship Program & TOMODACHI-STEM @
    Rice University for Female Students Program
  • Peter Sakai, Judge, 225th District Court, Bexar County
  • Arielle Montgomery, Senior Finance Advisor, Shell Oil
    Company
  • Gene Wu, State Representative, 137th District, Texas House
    of Representatives
Closing Remarks
  • Irene Hirano Inouye, President, U.S.-Japan Council
     
1:00pm-onward   Optional Offsite Tours
  • Daikin Texas Technology Park
  • Minute Maid Park, Home of the 2017 MLB
    World Series Champion Houston Astros (Walking Tour)
  • NASA/Johnson Space Center and Space Center Houston
  • Texas Medical Center


Sponsorship

For information about sponsorship opportunities and benefits, please click here. For information about hosting a Hospitality Meeting Room, please click here

 

American_Airlines_JTES_600x300.jpg
Cole_Chemical_600x300.jpg
ITO_EN_600x300.jpg
Sushic_600x300.jpg
GHP_600x300.jpg
GST_600x300.jpg
ITO_EN_600x300.jpg
KPMG_600x300.jpg
ORIX_JTES_600x300.jpg
7-11_600x300.jpg
Shell_logo_600x300.jpg
Sushic_600x300.jpg
Visit_Houston_600x300.jpg
2018_JTES_Sponsors_5.4.18_v2.jpg

 

Media

The Summit was covered by the Houston Chronicle, Houston Public Radio, a press release from the Texas Secretary of State's office and more. (Click here to see the pre-Summit media advisory.) 

SUBSCRIBE | SUPPORT | CONTACT